None of The Above – “NOTA”: Voters Right To Reject: India is the second populous democratic country in the world with 1.3 billion people – and still growing. India is the world’s 2nd largest democratic nation and the second largest populous country in the world. But, the most prestigious fabric is not well- maintained. If maintained, democracy is very sacred and gives great freedom to the citizens of the country. People will have the great freedom to raise their voice on any unjustified issue until the Government gets to hear of it. Legislatures can make their voice heard on many platforms if justice is twisted on behalf of anti-social elements, corrupt politicians and malpractice happen in that specific constituency of which is under the supervision of that member of the legislature. It’s noteworthy to understand these members of legislatures are elected by people of that constituency by ‘Voting’ system conducted by the Election Commission. The ‘President of India’ appoints the Chief Election Commissioners and the number of Election Commissioners is also fixed by the ‘President of India’
None of The Above – “NOTA”: Voters Right To Reject
“None of the above”, (NOTA) is disapproving all candidates, outright, contesting in that specific constituency. In Indian electioneering, ‘The Election Commission’ includes “None of the Above” on ballots as standard procedure. Some countries in the world also are following this procedure. The most important part in Election electioneering is; Election Commission to motivate and encourage people to come and exercise one’s vote to meet the objective of ‘Democracy’. The percentage of voters turn up to vote the candidate is the focal feature of ‘Democracy.’
Indian Democratic system, since its inception, though gave a good head start, unfortunately, got extremely corrupted due to many factors such as ‘paying money to voters’, favoritism, cast – based and creed-based, and factionist groups threatening voters and many dirty practices crawled into the Electoral system. Though we boast ourselves as the second largest ‘Democratic Country’ in the world, the very nature of the system is not properly principled and practiced.
Coming to the point of ‘NOTA’ (None of the above) – This is one more way how ‘Democratic System’ helps in plugging the decontaminating the political system.
The Supreme Court gave directions to the Election Commission to have an option to include ‘None of The Above’ (NOTA) option on the electronic voting machines (EVMs) and ballot papers as a part of major electoral reform.
The concept NOTA first used in India on 27 September 2013.
What is the major flaw in ‘NOTA’ system?
“The NOTA option on EVMs has no electoral value. Even if the maximum number of votes cast is for NOTA, the candidate getting the most of the remaining votes would be declared winner,” What an unfortunate thought!
Here is an important concept one should understand: ‘Negative Voting’
“Negative voting will bring in a practical and helps change in political parties. Though it is hardly seen in Indian electoral system the right to vote is a statutory right, then the right to reject a candidate is a fundamental right of speech and expression under the Constitution,”
We can understand this ‘Negative Voting’ concept with a simple example. Just consider a village and when the elections in that constituency is announced and when all the people living in the village collectively take a decision – not to vote anybody or reject to vote, the village remains undemocratic and Election Commission stays shameful. In such state, the local state or central governments cannot interfere in it and government machinery has to take over the ruling. Needless to say, it is a great pressure to the people in the government. It may lead to manhandling also.
In conclusion, Election commissioners job is not easy. It is hard to count the number of reforms those that have been taking place for decades. Doubtlessly, India has not made any significant change in the electoral system and we still have long way to go.